By Mesayete David O.
An idiolect is the distinctive speech of an individual, a linguistic pattern regarded as unique among speakers of a person’s language or dialect. But it is even more granular, more narrow than just all the speakers of a particular dialect.
“Analyzing English Grammar” notes:
Because each of us belongs to different social groups, we each speak a language variety made up of a combination of features slightly different from those characteristics of any other speaker of the language.
There are various ways of defining ‘idiolect’, but for the purposes of this entry an idiolect is a language (or some part or aspect of a language) that can be characterized exhaustively in terms of intrinsic properties of some single person, the person whose idiolect it is. The main force of ‘intrinsic’ is to exclude essential reference to features of the person’s wider linguistic community, and perhaps too of their physical environment.
Some hold that idiolects in this sense do not exist, or even that the notion is incoherent, but are happy to use the word ‘idiolect’ to mean something else, such as a person’s partial grasp of, or pattern of deviance from, language that is inherently communal. The substantial debate, here, is not over how to define a word, but over whether a broadly idiolectal perspective is to be preferred to a non-idiolectal one. Someone taking an idiolectal perspective on language regards idiolects (in something like the first sense above) as having ontological and/or investigative priority over social languages, which are conceived of as more or less overlapping idiolects. A non-idiolectal perspective reverses this priority.
The terms of the debate over priority are not so black and white as this suggests. For one thing, there is scope, in theory, for a spectrum of views. Perhaps we should be idiolectal when thinking about language acquisition but not when thinking about truth and reference in a mature speaker’s speech; perhaps most expressions are to be understood idiolectally but proper names, for example, or natural kind and technical terms, are an exception; and perhaps we should recognise two kinds of linguistic content, only one of which is best thought of in idiolectal terms. Moreover, even someone taking a strongly idiolectal stance will want to qualify the definition of ‘idiolect’ given above—by tying its properties to the person at a specified time, in a specified social setting, or on a specified occasion, for example, or by treating the idiolect as belonging not to a real individual but to a person who is in some respects an idealization.
Several important debates feature talk of languages that are more idiolectal than social. Some are considered in detail in other entries (see the entries on language of thought hypothesis, private language , and externalism about mental content ). This entry will concentrate instead on two influential and broadly idiolectal positions in the philosophy of language and linguistics: Noam Chomsky’s preference for I-languages over E-languages (Section 2), and Donald Davidson’s rejection of languages conceived as shared conventional structures that make communication possible (Section 3). David Lewis’s claim that languages are a convention is a common target for both, and is outlined in an Appendix. The entry begins (Section 1) with some general remarks about the ontology of languages.
The language of colours.
The clothes we wear, the colours in which we surround ourselves, they say something about our selves. Designers and artists understand this and they use colour to make statements. Over time these statements can evolve into a symbolic language within the history of that system. Thus in Christian religious art, for example, white can represent purity. This is one, very formal, level at which colour may be said to be a language.
Did you know that colour speaks a language? Human beings respond emotionally to colour. They make subconscious choices and decisions in reaction to colour. When designing your craft projects, take colour and its meaning into account. You can give a message that you might not have intended merely by your colour choices. An example would be Craft paper. Brown coarse Craft paper gives the impression of comfort, the country, and handmade appeal. Shiny black paper gives your project a feeling of elegance and sophistication. You certainly would not use Craft paper to make invitations to an event that is sophisticated and vice versa.
It is not just in spoken language though. Around the world red and blue taps indicate hot and cold water, no need to speak the local language. Deep inside our experience tells us that someone red may well be hot – perhaps from exercise, emotion (or even sunburn!) while someone looking blue may well be extremely cold (as the red blood is prevented from flowing to the skin’s surface). Why looking at greet field or pasture, one can say or conclude the land is very fertile or possible growth, prosperity in the land. At a collective level we relate to colour as a signifier – a language to speak with.
As you go deeper into colour more and more of life’s colours become meaningful, clues to understanding. Colour becomes a language, a prism through which to see the world. For me this exploration is truly fascinating and underneath all of my work.
The Meanings of Colour.
What are the meanings of colour? I listed various colours, positive and negative implications below. It’s will be of great help if you take these definitions into account when you design your projects. It might make a difference if you are trying to sell your craft projects. Your colour choice will make a difference when you are trying to express a particular mood or message.
Red:- is a colour that symbolizes excitement and high energy levels. Do you know that when a person looks at something that is red there is an actual physical response in the brain? The hormone epinephrine is released stimulating faster heart rates and breathing. The colour red connotes love, passion, and excitement. The colour red is negatively associated with anger and aggression, as in the term “seeing red.”
Pink:- is a lighter version of red. Pink symbolizes youth, femininity, and romance. Bubblegum pink, however, is associated with low quality and inferior construction. Did you ever notice that plastic toys are often bubblegum pink?
Orange is a colour that represents autumn and the harvest season. Bright orange is seen as happy, childlike and whimsical. Orange is another colour that has an actual physical effect on the body. The colour orange stimulates the appetite. Fast food restaurants will often use the color orange in their signage and décor, trying to affect peoples hunger levels subconsciously.
Yellow:- is the color of sunshine, light, and warmth. On the positive side, it symbolizes optimism, joy, and wisdom. Too much yellow can express cowardice, jealousy, and deceit. A typical stereotype of cowardice is a yellow stripe running down ones back.
Brown is the color of the earth. Brown brings to mind visions of hearth and home. Brown also has the connotation of dirtiness and was rarely used in packaging until coffeehouses became popular in the nineties. Coffee is seen as comforting, energizing and delicious, which is why coffeehouses use the color in the decor and advertising.
Blue is the color of water and the sky. The positive connotations of blue are loyalty, justice, knowledge, and intelligence. The negative associations are coldness, apathy, and depression. People often say “I am feeling blue” when they are sad or depressed.
Green conveys nature. People often think of grass and foliage when asked what the color green symbolizes. Green also represents money. Banks will often use the color green in their logos. The negative connotations of the color green are greed and envy. Such as the term “green with envy.”
Purple has been associated with royalty since ancient times. Purple dye was quite expensive and the ordinary man could not afford it. Only the wealthy dressed in purple clothing. It became a way to distinguish class. The color purple also symbolizes elegance, spirituality, and mystery. Purple is not a color that is often seen in nature.
White conveys purity and cleanliness. Brides in the Western Hemisphere wear white wedding dresses to symbolize their innocence and purity. White also expresses softness, simplicity, and truth.
Black is the color of power, sophistication, and elegance. Hence the term “black tie affair.” Of course, there is also a negative connotation to the color black. It can be used to symbolize fear, negativity, and evil. “A black soul” is a term for an evil human being.
Retrieved 2019, Oct., 4th. From https://www.thoughtco.com/idiolect-language-term-1691143
Retrieved 2019, Oct., 4th. From https://stanford.library.sydney.edu.au/archives/spr2012/entries/idiolects/
Retrieved 2019, Oct., 4th. From https://www.thesprucecrafts.com/the-language-of-color-2585022
Retrieved 2019, Oct., 4th. From https://colourconscious.com/colour/the-language-of-colour/